The Ranthambore National Park wraps around 392 sq km in which 282 sq km is a core area and the rest is buffer area. The tiger reserve zone of the Ranthambore forest which was constituted in 1973, initially spread in around 334 sq km area which further extended in 1991 to the adjacent sanctuaries of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, currently having 1334 sq km area as a tiger reserve. In the year 1955, this renowned forest was constituted as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary with the status of a wildlife sanctuary and included in the project tiger, a Govt of India initiative to save endangered Tiger species, in 1973. The Ranthambore tiger reserve forest is given the National Park status in 1980 and the adjacent forests were named as the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary in 1984.
Sprinkled with a few of the ultimate ancient structures, the Ranthambore National Park is the visual amalgamation of the prehistoric era and the modern era amidst the beauty of the exotic landscape. The numerous lakes, water channels and water holes that are scattered in the park not only offer tourists an amazing sight but also nourish the flora and fauna of the region. The mighty Ranthambore fort from which the forest drew its name is located on the hill and leans over the Ranthambore Park overlooking the entire forest. Several ancient ruins which are spread around the forest present a spectacular, surprising and stupendous taste of history, wildlife and nature.
The Ranthambore National Park is highly popular among wildlife tourists due to the forest safari offered by the park administration to explore the rich flora and fauna while being a part of it. The majestic Tigers can be seen in the daytime as they don't get scared by the presence of Jeeps and humans in their natural habitat. So, the experience of witnessing fearless tigers is indeed imaginary for tourists as this is how a real wild tiger actually behaves.
The Ranthambore National Park is undoubtedly a dreamland for any wildlife photographer and enthusiast. The Ranthambore National Park remains open all round the year except July to September as the park remains closed for three months due to the monsoon season. This park is a wonderful destination for wildlife lovers as it provides them an amazing opportunity to explore the best sights of jungle inhabitants. To make the tour to Ranthambore a pleasant experience, there is a range of accommodations from 5-star hotels and resorts to economical hotels are available nearby the park offering an aesthetic stay.
The Climate of Ranthambore and The Best Time to Visit:
Like every other place, the Ranthambore also has to face the three main seasons - Summer, Winter and Monsoon. Summer season spreads from the last of March to the last of June. During these months, the day temperature reaches at 40 degree Celsius and the night temperature remains around 30 degree Celsius. In the month of May and June, the temperature even crosses 45 degree Celsius making the day very hot. The wind gets very dry and the sun piercingly hot. During this season, the tigers and other large predators spend their time in the valleys or in the dense area of the forest or near the water bodies.
After the summer season ends, comes the monsoon, which starts from the month of July and stays up to the September. During these months the park remains closed for any kind of tourist activities. The winter season starts from November and stays till the end of February. During this time, the day temperature lingers around the 20 degree Celsius, but the night temperature drops at the 10 degree Celsius or even lesser at the 2 degree Celsius between the last week of December and the first half of January. There are also the most chances of having the dense fog in the early morning and late night during the peak winter season.
When it comes to the best time to visit Ranthambore National Park, the tourist visit increases from the start of November to mid of December and from the mid of January up to the mid of April. During these time periods, the climate is pleasant and touring can be hassle-free and fun. Moreover, the forest is bustling with the lush greenery and the lakes are filled with aquatic flowers offering a mesmerizing view during this period. However, if you can handle the summer heat of May and June then you can visit the Ranthambore forest during these months too. But, you have to be prepared beforehand to combat the summer heat. You should carry full sleeved cotton dresses, hat, black goggles and a high SPF sunscreen lotion to fight the scorching heat.
General Information About the Ranthambore National Park:
1955 - The Ranthambore forest, which was the hunting abode of the Royals of Jaipur Kingdom was declared as a Sanctuary, and named as the Sawai Madhopur Gaming Sanctuary by the Indian Government.
1973 - The forest is chosen for the tiger project and declared as the Tiger Reserve.
1980 - Finally, the famous Ranthambore forest is declared as the National Park of India.
1984 - This year the adjoining forests of Ranthambore are declared as the Sawai Mansingh Wildlife Sanctuary and Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary.
1991 - The Sawai Mansingh and Kailadevi Sanctuaries are incorporated into the tiger reserve zone.
Animals and Birds In Ranthambore:
Mammals: 40 speciesBirds: 320 speciesReptiles: 40 speciesAmphibian: 02 speciesButterflies: 50 speciesVegetation: 300 species